Today we will learn how to say “hello” and other greetings used in everyday Polish language.
Let’s get it started! 🙂
Słowniczek – Glossary:
Cześć = Hi/hello
Hej = Hi
Witam/Witaj = Welcome
Dzień dobry = Good morning/ good afternoon
Dobry wieczór = Good evening
Dobranoc = Goodnight
Do widzenia = Goodbye
Do zobaczenia = See you
Do jutra = See you tomorrow
Pa pa = Bye bye
In Poland we are distinguishing formalandunformal language. Formal language is to be used with strangers, our supervisors and elder people. On the other hand, unformal will be used talking with your family, friends or ocassionaly with peers (f.e. if they are not your supervisors/bosses).
That language rule can be broken only if a person would ask you to be called by their name:
“Proszę, mów mi Anna…” – Please, call me Anna…”.
“Cześć”, “Hej” and “Pa pa” – are typical for unformal language, we won’t use them in formal conversation.
In formal convesation we would use“Witam”, “Dzień dobry”, “Dobry wieczór”, “Do widzenia”.
Of course, it is not a crime to use “Witaj!” with your friends but it might cause a smile on their faces. That rule is more about putting in life good education and manners. A child wouldn’t say “Cześć” to a teacher beacause it is simply inappropiate 🙂
there are no words starting with letters „ą”, „ę” i „ń”
there are also two-letter combinations, each of them representing a single sound: ch, cz, dz, dź, dż, rz, sz
Letters: ó =u , h = ch, ż = rz are pronunced the same way
Letters q, v, xcan be found only in the words taken from other languages, e.g., fax, xero
Zmiękczenia/ To soften some of the letters we are adding „i” after the consonant: bi, chi, ci, dzi, fi, gi, hi, ki, mi, ni, pi, si, wi, zi
You will need to practise how to write: ą, ę, ł, Ł
You might find many videos with Polish alphabet, although the 3 videos listed below are my favorite ones as they are focusing on different aspects.
Polski alfabet wymowa/ Polish alphabet pronunciation:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKa1XH09Bzo (published by PrologLanguageSchool ) In this video you can hear veary clearly the pronunciation of each single letter in the Polish alphabet. I would make only one small correction here, when they pronunce “ó” it should sound exactly the same as “u” (ó =u).
Alfabet z przykładami wyrazów/ Alphabet with examples of the words:
That video is showing how the letters sounds in the words. Also, thanks to the picture we can guess what is the meaning of each word.
3. Alfabet + dwuznaki (ch, cz, dz, dź, dż, rz, sz) + zmiękczenia (bi, chi, ci, dzi, fi, gi, hi, ki, mi, ni, pi, si, wi, zi)/ Alphabet + two-letter combinations + words with “i” after the consonant
First of all, I really like that video because it is made in form of the song. Beside the alphabet letters we can hear how to pronunce two-combination letters (like “cz” or “sz”) and consonants with “i” (like “bi” or “si”). All the words are illustrated with pictures which is kind of helpful as well.
I know that it may seems a bit complicated but trust me it is possible to learn it!
To help you with that, my next post is going to give you some tips how to make your learning Polish alphabet much easier 🙂