“BYĆ” = “to be”

Today I would like to show you how to use “to be” verb with personal pronouns in Polish language. After that, you will be able to say for example “ I am Patrick”, “He is John”, “They are Irish” but in Polish of course 😉

Let’s start then with personal pronouns!

I am using m. = male and f. = female

General rules for many verbs conjugation in Polish language:

  • the verb is changing its ending with different personal pronouns
  • the core word stays usually the same
  • f.e.: I am = Ja jestem; You are = Ty jesteś; We are = My jesteśmy… The core word here will be “jest“.

Next we will move to our verb “to be” = “być”. It is a bit tricky verb as it changes to “jest…” as we conjugate it by each person, it doesn’t have to see anything with its basic form “być”. As we can see below:

You can use that construction to tell someone for example your name, nationality or gender:

“Jestem Sylwia, jestem Polką, jestem kobietą” / “I am Sylwia, I am Polish, I am a woman”.

Do you want to know more? Ask me!

I can tell you how to say your nationality! 🙂

“Cześć” – Powitania/ “Hello!” – Greetings

Today we will learn how to say “hello” and other greetings used in everyday Polish language.

Let’s get it started! 🙂


Słowniczek – Glossary:

Cześć = Hi/hello

Hej = Hi

Witam/Witaj = Welcome

Dzień dobry = Good morning/ good afternoon

Dobry wieczór = Good evening

Dobranoc = Goodnight

Do widzenia = Goodbye

Do zobaczenia = See you

Do jutra = See you tomorrow

Pa pa = Bye bye

In Poland we are distinguishing formal and unformal language. Formal language is to be used with strangers, our supervisors and elder people. On the other hand, unformal will be used talking with your family, friends or ocassionaly with peers (f.e. if they are not your supervisors/bosses).

That language rule can be broken only if a person would ask you to be called by their name:

Proszę, mów mi Anna…” – Please, call me Anna…”.

“Cześć”, “Hej” and “Pa pa” – are typical for unformal language, we won’t use them in formal conversation.

In formal convesation we would use “Witam”, “Dzień dobry”, “Dobry wieczór”, “Do widzenia”.

Of course, it is not a crime to use “Witaj!” with your friends but it might cause a smile on their faces. That rule is more about putting in life good education and manners. A child wouldn’t say “Cześć” to a teacher beacause it is simply inappropiate 🙂

How would you say “Cześć” in your language?

Comment below! 🙂

Dwuznaki / Two letter combination

There are 7 two letter combinations in Polish language. Each of them corresponds a single sound. Letters ch = h and rz = ż are pronunced exactly the same way.


Dwuznaki/ two letter combination

More words to practice your pronunciation:

Ch – choinka (Christmas tree), chleb (bread)

Cz – czołg (tank), czoło (forehead)

Rz – rzecz (thing), drzewo (tree)

Sz – szalik (scarf), szczotka (brush)

Dz – dzwonek (bell), dzban (jug)

Dż – dżdżownica (earthworm), dżungla (jungle)

Dź – dźwięk (sound), niedźwiedź (bear)

Would you like to learn more Polish?

Contact me! 🙂

How to learn the Polish alphabet easily!

1.Watch the videos with pronunciation, pause the video and repeat the sound of each letter!

2. Make a list of the words with each letter of the Polish alphabet. F.e. “a” – auto, “d” – dom, “z” – zebra (you can use the words that appeared in the videos or other words that you already know).

3. Find similarity! Write down to which sound in your language the sound is similar f.e. “cz” in Polish word “cześć” for English speaker would be like “ch” in the “chocolate”.

4 .Make your letter “memory word”! For each of the letters have one word that is going to be like your reminder when you will forget how the letter sounds. F.e. the word “dom” is going to be always your “memory word” for the letter “d”.

5. Learn all the rules “Remember that” from last post!

6. Make sure to update your list and add new words to it!

Do you have any ideas how to make learning Polish alphabet easier?

Share it here with others leaving the comment! 🙂

Alfabet polski/ Polish alphabet

A ą B C ć D E ę F G H I J K L ł M N ń O ó P R S ś T U W Y Z ź ż

Alfabet polski/Polish alphabet

In the Polish alphabet there are:

32 letters (LITERY), 9 vowels (SAMOGŁOSKI) and 23 consonants (SPÓŁGŁOSKI).

Remember that!

  • Polish special characters: ą, ć, ę, ł, ń, ó, ś, ź, ż
  • there are no words starting with letters „ą”, „ę” i „ń”
  • there are also two-letter combinations, each of them representing a single sound: ch, cz, dz, dź, dż, rz, sz
  • Letters: ó =u , h = ch, ż = rz are pronunced the same way
  • Letters q, v, x can be found only in the words taken from other languages, e.g., fax, xero
  • Zmiękczenia/ To soften some of the letters we are adding „i” after the consonant: bi, chi, ci, dzi, fi, gi, hi, ki, mi, ni, pi, si, wi, zi
  • You will need to practise how to write: ą, ę, ł, Ł

You might find many videos with Polish alphabet, although the 3 videos listed below are my favorite ones as they are focusing on different aspects.

  1. Polski alfabet wymowa/ Polish alphabet pronunciation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKa1XH09Bzo (published by PrologLanguageSchool ) In this video you can hear veary clearly the pronunciation of each single letter in the Polish alphabet. I would make only one small correction here, when they pronunce “ó” it should sound exactly the same as “u” (ó =u).
  2. Alfabet z przykładami wyrazów/ Alphabet with examples of the words:
published by Lulek.tv

That video is showing how the letters sounds in the words. Also, thanks to the picture we can guess what is the meaning of each word.

3. Alfabet + dwuznaki (ch, cz, dz, dź, dż, rz, sz) + zmiękczenia (bi, chi, ci, dzi, fi, gi, hi, ki, mi, ni, pi, si, wi, zi)/ Alphabet + two-letter combinations + words with “i” after the consonant

published by Erni School Of Polish

First of all, I really like that video because it is made in form of the song. Beside the alphabet letters we can hear how to pronunce two-combination letters (like “cz” or “sz”) and consonants with “i” (like “bi” or “si”). All the words are illustrated with pictures which is kind of helpful as well.

I know that it may seems a bit complicated but trust me it is possible to learn it!

To help you with that, my next post is going to give you some tips how to make your learning Polish alphabet much easier 🙂

Did you like that post?

Leave your comment or like, please! 🙂


Welcome to MyPolish4U website!

This website was created for everyone who wants to start learn Polish language from scratch or improve their current level.

On the website you will find:

  • alphabet
  • vocabulary focused on many different subject f.e “in the restaurant”, “at the airport”
  • grammar structures
  • examples of conversation
  • historical and cultural facts about Poland

and much, muuuuuch more!!! 🙂

First post coming soon… !

Enjoy learning with MyPolish4U! 🙂